Critical Reasoning and Logic

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Scientists have to give arguments in many different contexts: in their publications, in grant applications, in lab meetings and in conference
presentations. Nevertheless, the bases for strong and correct arguments are not always fully clear to them. Logic provides extremely helpful tools for scientists to develop their arguments in a coherent, well-structured and convincing way. The course introduces the most important concepts of logic: premises and conclusions of arguments, validity and soundness of arguments, deductive vs. inductive reasoning, common types of inferences and fallacies.

The idea of the course is to use these concepts as a toolbox which provides useful techniques for everyday scientific work. The participants learn how to
reconstruct arguments from scientific texts, how to give well-structured and logically valid arguments, and how to avoid misunderstandings.

Aimed at

  • PhD students and post-docs.


The participants:

  • State their arguments in a precise and logically coherent way.
  • Learn to quickly identify strengths and weaknesses of arguments.
  • Learn how to break-down arguments into their logical structure.
  • Train analytical thinking.


Basic concepts of logic (validity and soundness of arguments etc.)

  • Inductive and deductive arguments.
  • Common types of fallacies.
  • Reconstructing arguments from texts.
  • Tips and exercises for written argumentation.

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The methods are interactive throughout. The course provides extensive exercises that aim at the application of the acquired skills to the participants’ individual fields of work.

Key information

Address Plataforma Zoom
Fundación Sant Joan de Déu
17/10/2022 - 18/10/2022
From 09:00 a.m. to 3 p.m.
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Language Spanish
Teaching hours 12 h